Legendary mining town is far from a “ghost town.”
“Butte, America.” That’s what skilled miners emigrating from England and Ireland in the late 1800s called this Montana town where they settled, drawn here to help meet the country’s growing demand for electric wiring.
Why Butte? The town sat atop one of the largest copper reserves in the world, and workers dug out more than 49 miles of vertical shafts and 5,600 miles of horizontal workways to get to the valuable ore.
Many of the Irish immigrants put down roots, and in 2010, the U.S. census revealed that Butte had the largest Irish-American population per capita in the country. That explains why today you can find an Irish pub on many a corner in Butte. Much of the tight-knit community proudly preserves its history, and they say their St. Patrick’s Day parade draws thousands from all over America.
Situated in southwest Montana, Butte is about an hour’s drive from Helena, the capital. The city of some 30,000 sits about halfway between Yellowstone National Park and Glacier National Park, two places I visit regularly. Until recently, I hadn’t spent time in Butte, which is a county seat, the fifth largest city in the state and a community that welcomes visitors.
My first stop is the Butte-Silver Bow Public Archives, which houses over 22,000 linear feet of documents, newspapers, photographs, maps and immigration records that date back to the 1860s. Everything from city council meeting notes to reports of petty crimes are kept here, some in climate-controlled vaults.
“Most towns have strange things that happen. In Butte, those things happen on a massive scale,” says Ellen Crain, the director. For example, for a couple of dollars you can go out on a viewing platform to get a good look at the massive Berkeley Pit, left over from the mining days and now filled with toxic water. It’s one of the largest Superfund Cleanup sites — designed to clean up hazardous substances — in the country, and this unusual tourist attraction includes a gift shop.